Electrical hazards cause hundreds electrocutions and thousands of injuries in workplaces in Nigeria and globally each year and this disrupts lives and impacting the productivity of companies. While electrical hazards are not the leading cause of on-the-job injuries, accidents and fatalities, they are also fatal and costly.
Everyday, workers are hurt severely from electricity and it has been observed that recovery from electrical shocks and burns is usually slow and painful. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recognises electricity as a long-time serious workplace hazards.
Each year in Nigeria and most parts of the world, professionals are called to give seminar on occupational safety, and to a very large extent, this has helped in reducing the cases of electric accident in work places; however, we still have lots of such cases that are still happening on daily basis.
Whether employed at a large manufacturing plant or on a small installation, there are certain guidelines that should serve as a helpful reminder of basic electrical safety practices.
It is always important to ensure an employee is properly trained and qualified for a job. Not understanding the circumstances about the job can lead to accidents and injuries. Even properly qualified workers are susceptible to accidents. That is why it is important to make safety an integral part of the planning process for every job.
According to reliableplant electrical safety page, other important safety tips to help avoid injuries include:
- Identify the electric shock and arc flash hazards, as well as others that may be present.
- Use the right tools for the job.
- Isolate equipment from energy sources.
- Test every circuit and every conductor every time before you touch it.
- Work on electrical equipment and conductors only when de-energized.
- Lock out/tag out and ground before working on equipment.
- Treat de-energized electrical equipment and conductors as energized until lockout/tagout, test, and ground procedures are implemented.
- Wear protective clothing and equipment and use insulated tools in areas where there are possible electrical hazards.